Recover Data From External Hard Drive And Repair? Step By Step Guide

Recover Data From External Hard Drive follow some simple step. We all trust technology a lot, especially when it comes to backing up information. In this sense, a computer gives you many advantages when organizing and accessing your digital documents, but what happens if one day it fails?

One of the terrifying scenarios for any user at the moment is without a doubt that their hard disk breaks. This hardware is the storage centre for all the equipment; It stores each one of the files that make up the operating system and all the videos, documents and movies that you download.
However, technology itself offers us multiple solutions to recover data from an external hard drive. You will know how to repair an external disk and recover all the information inside it, both in Windows and macOS.

Why Are External Drives Usually Damaged? Causes


One of the things that we must always keep in mind is that no matter how well manufactured they are, the components of a computer do not last forever, there comes a time when they simply end their useful life and must be changed. Other times we may treat them badly, and they may start to make mistakes:

1. Wear

Returning to what has been said; the components are not for life. Every time they are used they wear out and hard drives are one of the most used, since basically while the computer is on, it is working, as well as the processor and RAM.
Today’s SSDs have been optimized to improve in that regard, and putting them to good use could easily last for more than 5 years, but after that time you should be aware that it can fail at any time. Back up the information in it.

2. Electrical Overloads

An SSD disk is a component of a computer, which in turn is electrical equipment, so any failure in your power system that causes an overload will be quite harmful to the health of the equipment. A heavy overload could directly damage the circuits that make up the disc, as well as its capacitors and affect its entire operation.

3. Electromagnetism

Electromagnetism is a reality. All appliances that run on electricity have their magnetic field, even living things have one. This means that anything that may affect this field will also affect the team. If you are one of those who use the mobile near the computer, you should prepare yourself as this could damage your hard drives at any time.

4. Knocks And Falls

If you recently dropped your laptop or took out the SSD and it accidentally slipped from your hands, the blow may have serious consequences. A hard disk is a very delicate component, and a bad blow could damage the heads that allow it to connect to the motherboard, making it difficult to use it as before.

What Types Of Damage Do Hard Drives Usually Have? Are They All Repairable?

This point is closely related to the previous one. Still, it will be essential for you to identify what type of damage your SSD has and, most importantly, whether it has a solution or not, since it will not always be possible to repair them.

1. Physical Damage

Physical damage is that which is done superficially, that is, that which is related to the tangible part of the disc. These can be any type of damage to the disc head or its circuits, such as the one we told you that occurs when you drop it by accident. These types of errors can be catastrophic and render the storage device unusable.

2. Logical Damage

Logical damage is damage that is related to the operation and programming of the physical disk. This is related to errors caused by viruses or corrupted files that can directly affect the component’s firmware.

3. Mechanical Damage

Finally, there are mechanical damages, which are related to physical failures and can occur when any of the elements that make up the disk begin to fail individually. Unlike physical ones, these can usually be repaired by an expert.

Steps To Repair An External Disk With Logical Damage Easily And Quickly In Windows Or MacOS


Now that you know the main reasons why your disk may have failed, it’s time for you to learn how to repair them. It should be noted that the methods that we are going to teach you below are useful to fix only logical errors. To solve a physical or mechanical error, if you need to seek help from a professional:

1. With CHKDSK

CHKDSK or CheckDisk is a native Microsoft Windows tool that allows you to analyze storage drives to detect logical errors, repair them and even to retrieve readable information from it. It is a fairly simple method to use and should be your first option to get things done.

To Repair A Disk With It, You Simply Do The Following:

  • Type in the Windows start menu “CMD” and right-click and select “Run as administrator” in the only option that appears.
  • Then the “Command Prompt” will open. Once it is open, just type “CHKDSK” and click “Enter.”
Command Prompt CMD Recover logical damage easily
  • Now you should wait for the analysis to finish. After that you should see a screen like this:
Analysis To Finish CMD

In the case of the image, the result was positive, but if you find an error after performing the analysis with the CheckDisck, you can repair it with itself. What you should do is that with the “Command Prompt” window still open, run the command “chkdsk G: / f / r / x”.

Afterwards, all the logical errors on the disk should be solved, and if this is not the case, you may have to carry out a more in-depth diagnosis by a professional.

2. With Disk Utility (MacOs)

In macOS, the game is a little different since the Disk Utility tool, which is the equivalent of CHKDSK on Apple computers, runs from the BIOS, and not from the operating system desktop.

However, It Is Quite Easy To Do If You Follow These Steps:

  • Restart your computer and hold down the “Command + R” keys until you enter the computer’s BIOS.
  • Once in the BIOS you must select “Disk Utility”, then “Continue” and follow the path “Display”> “Show all devices”.
  • Select the drive you want to repair and click “First Aid” and then “Run”.

Later on, you should be able to use the damaged physical disk without problems. Otherwise, the failure may be due to a physical error and not a logical one, so it will be necessary to resort to professional help.

3. An Easeus Partition Master

In case the native tools that the Microsoft and Apple operating systems do not work for you, what you can do is resort to a more powerful option. The external paid EaseUS Partition Master tool is one of the best you have at your disposal.

With It, You Simply Must Follow These Steps:

  • The first thing is to download the program (later you have the link).
Partition Master
  • Once inside the Partition Master, select the disk that is causing problems and then the option “Check partition”.
  • Then we select the option “Require Windows CHKDSK.exe” and then “Ok” and wait for the tool to run.

Later, all the logical errors that the physical disk has will be eliminated absolutely. However, we warn you that it is not infallible, and if there is a mistake of another type, it will not be able to help you. Fortunately, you can always retrieve all the information inside, which we are going to teach you next.

Steps To Recover Data From External Hard Drive


If the tools that we recommend were not enough to repair the error of your disk, you might have to go to a professional if you want to fix it. In case what worries you is to recover the information, you can easily do this with the same programs above. We show you the process in each one below:

1. With CHKDSK

Windows CheckDisk has among its parameters, some specially developed to recover readable information from damaged physical disks. It is very easy to use and what you should do the following:

  • Open Windows terminal and start CHKDSK as we showed you above.
  • Once the analysis of the tool is finished, proceed to execute the command «CHKDSK c: / r».

It should be noted that this will only work if you have another external disk connected to the computer so that the data is stored on it.

2. With Disk Utility

The Disk Utility tool is developed to analyze and fix problems on external disks, but not to retrieve information from them. If you want to do the latter, you will have to use an external tool. In the next step, we show you how to do it from one that works in both Windows and Apple’s macOS.

3. With EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard

Well, in the case until now you have not been able to recover the information contained in the physical disk, what you should do is use the EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard, one of the best tools to offer information storage and recovery solutions.

It is a paid app, but it has a free version that will allow you to recover a limited but sufficient amount of files.

What You Should Do Is Follow These Steps:

  • Once the tool is open, select the partition of the disk that is damaged and then do the same with “Scan”.
  • When the scan finishes, a file explorer similar to Windows will appear, from which you must click on the “Deleted files” section.

The scan will take a couple of hours or more depending on the size of the disk and the amount of information, but it will all be in the “Deleted files” section. What you should do is migrate it to another SSD or USB drive to back it up.

Unconventional Methods To Repair An External Disk According To The Type Of Damage

Have you ever heard of those home remedies that work for everything? Well, there are also similar methods for electronic devices. There is no reliable proof that these work, but they do not generate many doubts either, so some people continue to have faith in them:

1. Freeze SSD

The oldest method in life, but it works perfectly. What you should do is simply put the disk in the refrigerator and leave it overnight until its components freeze, then take it out, wait for it to dry and reconnect it to the computer.

It is a technique used to repair mechanical errors, under the logic that these are caused by the plates that bend due to overheating. That is why when they are frozen; they return to their natural state thanks to the intense cold. It may seem like a joke, but millions of people have been able to repair their SSD in this way.

2. A Couple Of Hits

Another of the most used underground methods is to hit the album lightly, but this has its determining factors, it cannot always be applied. You can only do this if you hear that the disc is playing and cannot be identified by the computer. The theory is that this occurs because some of the cables are between the disc plates and do not allow it to rotate properly.

So what you should do is simply tap it with the palm of your hand on the sides, so that the cable is unlocked and the plate is released.

List Of The Best Programs To Repair Damaged Storage Drives

Well, in case the tools mentioned above don’t work for you, what you can do is use other programs that may give you a different alternative. There are many on the market, but when it comes to repairing of storage units, the best is undoubtedly these.

1. Hirens Boot

Hiren's Boost Repair Damaged Storage Drive


This is a very powerful free tool that gives you a full range of functions to repair practically any logical error in SSD, as well as to recover its content. This program must be inserted in boot mode, so you must boot a USB or an installation CD to be able to use it from the BIOS of your computer.

2. AVG TuneUp

AVG PC Tuneup Repair Damaged Storage Drive


Developed by one of the world’s most popular IT security firms, this tool has one of the most comprehensive lists of features for repairing SSD storage drives. It specializes more than anything in logical errors, and offers you constant monitoring of the state of the disk daily or weekly as you specify.

Its only mole is that it doesn’t recover files, but it’s still a pretty powerful alternative:

3. Cloud System Booster

Cloud System Boost Repair Damaged Storage Drive


We continue our journey with this interesting and simple tool to repair physical storage units. However, its true identity is that of an equipment optimizer, but it has several functions to fix damaged units easily and quickly.

4. Crystal DiskInfo

Crystal DiskInfo Repair Damaged Storage Drive


As in the case of the previous one, this program is mostly designed to give error reports or simply to keep the equipment 100% optimized, but to its credit, it also has functions to repair errors found in its diagnosis.

5. EASIS Drive Check

Easis Drive Check Repair Damaged Storage Drive


We end this list with an excellent program that will allow you to optimize your entire computer and repair any errors that may be found in its physical disks and other important components such as the processor or RAM, which are as important as the SSD. Its interface is simple and easy to use, completely made to prove newbies.

Tips To Take Care Of Your SSDs, So They Have A Longer Useful Life

Friends are saying it everywhere; “The best tool for curing is prevention”, and this also applies to physical disks and any component of a computer. If you want to solve a problem, it is best to prevent it from happening. So in this section, we bring you a shortlist of useful tips to increase the life of your SSD.

1. Update Firmware

Firmware is a programmatic element of all digital devices and components. It contains all the logic of the apparatus, indicating its main function. That is, this is the element that tells a USB that its function is to save information, a printer that must print, or a mouse that must point the pointer. It is a basic thing that is often overlooked.

Manufacturers usually update their components annually, so there will be a more current version of your firmware every year. It is important but very important that you always have the most current version so that the failures of the previous one do not affect you currently.

2. Defragment Disk

As we fill our SSD files, it fragments them, as a way to find the most effective route to them. However, when too many fragmented files have the opposite effect, and instead of accessing information faster, what it does is slow down.

Many people say defragmenting a disk is not a good thing, but this is not entirely true. When there are too many fragments, it becomes an urgent need to do so, otherwise at some point files will start to be damaged, leading to an annoying logic failure.

3. Have An Updated S.O

Another thing that you should always keep in mind is the version of your operating system. You must understand that these are carried out to solve operating and programming errors of the system, so, despite being tedious to download them, it will always be necessary to carry out the updates that your Windows or macOS asks you for.

4. Never Have A Full Hard Drive.

Finally, we recommend that you do not fill the disk, as this can be detrimental to the operation of the disk, especially in terms of data exchange speed, which in turn will slow down the entire computer. Therefore, the most convenient thing is always to have at least 20% of the available space.

List Of The Best Programs To Recover Data From Failed SSDs

In case it is late, and you find yourself with an SSD device that can no longer be repaired, the only thing left for you to do simply retrieve the information contained inside, which is quite vital in many cases.

For This Reason, We Are Going To Present You A Small List Of Programs That Can Help You With This Task:

1. Recuva

Recuva Recover Data Failed SSDs


Recuva is free software that allows you to recover a huge amount of GB in lost or deleted files in damaged physical storage drives. You just have to install it, select the damaged unit and scan it, very similar to how Recovery Wizard works from which we teach you how to do the process above.

2. DISK DRILL

Disk Drill Recover Failed SSDs


As we mentioned before, Disk Utility does not allow you to recover lost files, but for this, there is a program specially developed for macOS. DiskDrill is an expert when it comes to restoring and extracting deleted data from damaged drives. It has a free version that can help you the first time, although if the amount of information on the disk is very large, it is better to pay for the Pro.

3. Recoverit

Recoverit Recover Failed SSDs


We can not finish without mentioning this excellent tool to retrieve information. It is a giant to offer data storage and recovery solutions, being used by large companies such as Samsung, IBM, SONY, or HP.

Also, Read – How To Speed Up Laptop Or Old Pc?

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